5G NR standard supports both Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) modes in massive MIMO systems. ForContinue reading
Tag: Acquisition Time
Lock Detectors for Symbol Timing Synchronization
Similar to the carrier lock detectors, timing lock detectors can also be constructed based on some property of the modulatedContinue reading
Phase Locked Loop (PLL) in a Software Defined Radio (SDR)
IBM Watson and Google DeepMind are the most complex computers that, some believe, will try to run the world inContinue reading
What are Cycle Slips and Hangup in Phase Locked Loops?
In a previous article, we have covered in detail the inner workings of a Phase Locked Loop (PLL) in aContinue reading