Computing Error Rates

Spectral efficiency R_b/B versus E_b/N_0 determines the overall merit of a modulation scheme. This figure is drawn for BER = 10^{-5} and a Square-Root Raised Cosine pulse with 50% excess bandwidth

Having built a simple digital communication system, it is necessary to know how to measure its performance. As the names say, Symbol Error Rate (SER) and Bit Error Rate (BER) are the probabilities of receiving a symbol and bit in…
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There are 26 letters in English language and countless rules. The language of signal processing is simpler.
- It has only 1 letter: a sample at time 0. From there, we can build any discrete-time signal on which our 1s and 0s can be mapped.
- It has one major rule which is repeatedly employed for demapping the received signal to bits.

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Wireless Communications from the Ground Up - An SDR Perspective